- livestock management
Coyotes aren't your average pup.
Coyotes are nocturnal creatures that tend to peruse plains, forests, desserts and farm areas in search of food in the nighttime hours. Although they are mainly found in the southwestern region of the United States, they have recently been spotted in Maryland and Delaware including parts of the northeast because they are breeding with wolves and dogs in Canada and along the East Coast.
Coyotes are most active in warmer months; but in the fall-winter months, coyote movement and habitat is largely determined by wind. In the fall, when humidity is low, coyotes will be lurking more often than not.
Coyotes aren't picky eaters; and are known to prey on small rodents including rabbits and deer. But, livestock farmers have reported coyote damage on farms where they are known to kill chickens and other small livestock animals. Coyotes will cross a fence line or dig deep if they are determined to reach chickens. This is why chicken fencing is needed to protect chickens from coyote damage. Additionally, adding ground stakes will stop coyotes from digging underneath the fence.
Although coyotes aren't a favorite for livestock farmers, they have been known to help gardeners by marking their territory with their own urine. White-tailed deer are terrified of coyotes and their cousin wolves; and they will run away from landscapes if they smell the scent of a coyote or wolf. This is why it's recommended that gardeners apply coyote urine around your deer fence to reinforce deer management.