There are approximately 1.5 million deer-related accidents involving drivers each year in the United States resulting in about $3300 worth of property damage. Hitting a deer can be terrifying, but with the proper precautions, deer collisions may be avoided. Here's what to do if a deer is on the side of the road:
Slow down and brake firmly but stay in the lane. Deer have poor daytime vision; and in the afternoon, they are out-and-about scouting for food and may leap in front of traffic to cross the street. In the nighttime, deer may run towards the light. Know that deer rarely walk alone and a herd may be lingering behind them complete with fawns.
When a deer is insight, Lightly honk the car horn to scare away the deer. Do not swerve away from the deer or into the other lane. This can result in injury or death for the driver; passenger(s); or nearby vehicles.
If the vehicle hits the deer, do not touch the animal. Instead, move to the side of the road to assess the damage to the car. If everything appears fine, proceed; if not, then call the local police and your insurance agent.
Remember, car insurance will cover the vehicle; but you only have one life! Highway Traffic Safety Administrators are encouraged to install 7.5 to 8' feet high deer fencing along major roadways to keep deer off roads especially during high travel seasons like summer (June through August).