Elk are one of the largest members of the cervid family weighing between 500-700 pounds and standing tall at about 4 feet. They are beautiful and majestic animals; but don't let that fool you - elk cause massive amounts of destruction to farms. Here's how to manage elk on farms and other landscapes.
Elk are found in mountainous regions of the United States including: Washington State, Oregon, California, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico. They wander around the areas in search for food and are naturally attracted to plant-based materials including trees and shrubs. Like white-tailed deer, they will search for food in the early morning hours where they will be able to freely roam undetected by growers and avoid harsh weather elements in the cooler months.
Elk may be beautiful animals for photography; however, it is recommended not to get too close the them. They are quite aggressive and are known to strike people, pets and even passing cars.
Despite their massive frame, adult elk are able to jump at least 8 feet. Therefore, growers will need to install an elk fence that is at least this height to prevent them from reaching plants on their farmland. Elk fencing is the best management strategy to reduce the sight of elk on properties.